A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada Age, Wife, Children, Family, Biography & More
Death Date: 14/11/1977
Age: 81 Years
Wife: Radharani Devi
Some Lesser Known Facts AboutÂ A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
- He is a pure devotee of Lord Krishna and the founder-Acharya ofÂ the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) that has now a worldwide confederation of over 100 temples, ashrams, cultural centers, and many other projects.
- He was born on the next day ofÂ JanmashtamiÂ (Lord Krishna’s Birthday) in a Bengali Suvarna Banik Vaishnava family inÂ Kolkata and was given the name- Abhay Charan means fearless and one who takes shelter of Lord Krishna’s lotus feet.
- As he was born on the day ofÂ Nandotsava (Lord Krishna’s Birthday festival celebrated by His father Nand), he was also called Nandulal.
- He learned the principles of Krishna’s worship from his father who was a great devotee of Lord Krishna.Â
- During his childhood, he would like to go to the temples instead of playing with children.
- During hisÂ European-styled education atÂ Scottish Church College, Kolkata, he was a member ofÂ the English and SanskritÂ Society and studied subjects like English, Economics, and Philosophy.
- His marriage was arranged by his parents at the age of twenty-two with Radharani Devi who was eleven years old at that time.
- He had a small pharmaceuticalÂ business during his married life.
- During his youth, he actively took part in India’s Struggle for Freedom by accompanyingÂ Mahatma GandhiÂ led Civil Disobedient Movement.
- InÂ 1922, he met Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, a famous scholar, leader, and founder of sixty-four Gaudiya Mathas (Vedic institutes), askedÂ Abhay (Prabhupada) to spread the Vedic knowledge in English and carry theÂ teachings of Lord ChaitanyaÂ to the Western Countries.Â
- In 1944, he started English fortnightly magazine, ”Back to Godhead” that he himself edited and typed, then after checking theÂ galley proofs, he alone distributed its individual copies (during the hot month of June) in the streets of Delhi, India.Â
- In 1947, the Gaudiya Vaishnava Society gave him the title ”Bhaktivedanta” means one who has realized that the devotion of Lord Krishna is above all types of knowledge.Â His Sanskrit title ”PrabhupÄda” means one who takes shelter of Krishna’s lotus feet.Â Â
- In 1953, during his preaching mission in India, he founded the League of Devotees in Jhansi.
- In 1954, he adopted theÂ vanaprastha ashram (retired from family life).
- In 1956, he moved to the Vamsi Gopal temple, Vrindavan.
- He donated the form of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu to the Gaudiya MathaÂ at Allahabad and studied, wrote as well asÂ edited theÂ Gauá¸Ä«ya PatrikÄÂ magazine there.Â
- In 1959, living in the humble circumstances of Radha-Damodara temple, Vrindavan, he devoted his time to the study andÂ writings of the ancient VedicÂ literature of India. In this temple, he found three to four hundred years old collections of different copies and manuscripts (around two thousand) in the form of original writings ofÂ the Six Gosvamis and their followers.Â
- There, he started the translation with commentary of the eighteen-thousand-versed Srimad-Bhagavatam.
- In 1959, he accepted the ”Sannyasa” the renounced order of life, and inÂ 1960, he published his first book- ”Easy Journey to Other Planets.”Â
- Taking the vision of his spiritual master and to fulfill his desire, he got the ticket for a journey to New York City andÂ boarded a cargo ship ”Jaladuta” in 1965. It was an arduousÂ journey for him as he got sea sickness and suffered two heart attacks while traveling. As a serviceÂ to Lord Krishna, he wrote a beautiful poem in Lord’s glorification during this time.Â
- On 17 SeptemberÂ 1965, heÂ entered the port of New York City toÂ introduce the ancient teachings of the Vedic literature of India into mainstream America. He had only eight dollars, the English translations of the sacred book of Bhagavata Purana, and only some articles of personal use with him.Â
- He alone started doing Kirtana with a Kartal (cymbals) atÂ New York’s Tompkins Square Park. His pureÂ message of Krishna’s devotion attracted a lotÂ of people there and some of the youngsters decided to become his disciples. They helped him to get on rent aÂ small storefront on New Yorkâ€™s Lower East Side, that he used to build Krishna’s temple later.Â
- He was a brilliant cook and knew the art of cooking especially sweet dishes and food items of India. After taking Sanyasa, he used to cook the parshadam (foodstuffs) for Krishna himself. During his stay in theÂ storefront of New Yorkâ€™s Lower East Side, he cooked for his new disciples, distributed the parshadam after Bhagawatam Katha, and even washed their utensils after a meal.Â
- On July 11, 1966, he registered the storefront of New York City, officially as the ”International Society Of Krishna Consciousness”. Another center was established in San Francisco in 1967.
- He traveled various places of America, popularizing the movement by sankirtana (street chanting), discourses of Bhagavata Purana, public speeches, and book distribution, etc.Â
- When some devotees went to London from San Francisco, they came into contact with a famous musical group the ”Beatles.” George Harrison one of the most popular stars of that time took great interest in the movement and after meetingÂ Prabhupada, he decided to produce a musical album with the devotees of Radha Krsna Temple, London. He also donated money to printÂ Prabhupada’s English edition of ”Krishna” book.Â Â
- In order to spread the pure teachings of Lord Krishna, he traveled the whole world fourteen times. Many persons accepted his message, and with their help, he could establish 108 ISKCON centers and projects like educationalÂ institutes, rural communities, and vegetarian food relief programs all over the world.Â
- After 1971, the Hare Krishna movement became popular at maximum parts of the world.
- In 1972, he started the Vedic system of educationÂ by establishing the GurukulaÂ (a school) in Dallas, Texas. After this, his disciples opened the same schools all over the world.Â
- He not only awarded his disciples Sannyasa initiations but also founded the New Vrindavan in West Virginia and introduced to the world the JagannathaÂ processions (A chariot journey of Lord Vishnu with sister Subhadra and brother Balrama).Â
- To strengthenÂ the root of Krishna consciousnessÂ in his own country, he returned India several times and established many temples there. The most famous among them are the Vrindavan and Mayapur temples.Â
- He wanted to establish international cultural centersÂ also. The planned spiritual city in Sridhama Mayapur in West Bengal,Â International Guesthouse, Srila Prabhupada Memorial & Museum in Vrindavan, a cultural and educational centre in Mumbai are very good examples of this.
- According to Srila Prabhupada, his most significant contribution to the society is his books that have gained lots of popularity due to their clarity, depth, authority,Â fidelity to the Guru Parampara and truthness to the ancient VedicÂ scripturesÂ of India. ManyÂ of his writings are included in the courses of college studies in different parts of the world.Â
- He authored over eighty books that have been translated into more than 80 languages. The most significant creationsÂ are the Bhagavad-Gita As It Is (1968), ÅšrÄ« ÄªÅ›opanishad (1969), Srimad-Bhagavatam (30-volume,Â 1972â€“77 ), Sri Caitanya-Caritamrita (17-volume, 1974), and The Nectar of Instruction (1975).Â
- In 1972,Â The Bhaktivedanta Book Trust (BBT) the publishing house of ISKCON, was established, which is now the worldâ€™s largest publisher and distributor of books on ancient IndianÂ VedicÂ scriptures and religion.Â
- His books have also been praised by theÂ professors ofÂ famous colleges and universities likeÂ Columbia,Â Oberlin,Â Harvard,Â Edinburgh,Â Oxford,Â Syracuse,Â Cornell, and many others.Â
- During his discussion with a historian Arnold J ToynbeeÂ in London, he said that the International Movement of Krishan Consciousness that he started among Americans and Indians, would increase in the nextÂ ten thousand years.
- Before leaving his body, Swami Prabhupada made some arrangments for the progress of his movement. He wrote his will, established the initiation system, created temple property trusts, and gave some guidelines to theÂ Bhaktivedanta Book Trust as well as to the GBC (Governing Body Commission).Â
- Bhaktivedanta Swami left his body on 14 November 1977 in Vrindavan, India. His samadhi (memorial with burial) has been built at Krishna Balaram Mandir in Vrindavan, India.Â
- In his remembrance, many shrines of Bhaktivedanta Swami have been established by the present members of the ISKCON centers in different parts of the world. GreatestÂ among them are in Mayapur, Vrindavan, andÂ America (Prabhupada’s Palace of Gold).Â
- After recognizing his great work; the Government of India issued aÂ commemorative stamp in his honor in 1996. Malaysia also released a stamp in his honor on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of his visit to the USA.Â
- In 1998, at the occasion of inauguration function of ISKCON’s cultural centre in New Delhi, Atal Bihari Vajpayee the former prime minister of India, expressed his gratitude to the ISKCON and the spiritual army of Swami Prabhupada for printing and distributing the millions of copies ofÂ Bhagavad Gita all over the world, in different languages. He also appreciated the increasing popularity of the movement in a short period of time.Â
- In February 2014, ISKCON’s news agency reported that about half a billion books of ISKCON have been distributed since 1965.Â
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